CHAPTER 14

THE STONE CIVILIZATION

ABYDOS

Two identifiers for the present level of culture in our Western Civilization are high-rise buildings and airports adjacent to cities. As you recede further from the main cities and their centres the prevalence of these two distinguishing characteristics diminishes. Although we know very little about the long-dead Stone Civilization, it appears that one major identifier for high culture in it was the quality of the finish or 'dressing' of huge blocks of stone, some weighing over a hundred tons, commonly used in construction in various inhabited centres. Another identifier seems to be the way these megalithic blocks were combined to form structures. So far we have only found mortice and tenon jointing used at Stonehenge, to secure the massive lintels on top of the trilithons. Those lintels were not rectangular, but curved, forming part of a semi-circular design. The other remarkable feature we found was some down-the-hole stone drill bits which were so accurately made as to suggest they were cast in a mould rather than carved from stone. Now we are about to examine another megalithic construction, discovered, we're told, buried under about 50 ft of sand:



This I suggest shows a higher level of workmanship. The center upright is supporting the ends of two beams that are perfectly fitted to one another. I do not think we could improve on that precision today. What I suggest is remarkable here is the overall quality of the construction plus a highly developed artistic ability to create a most satisfying experience. Here's more of this same construction:



We can see that the archway is perfectly framed. And now we can see something else. The construction had a paved floor and was actually a bathing pool. Here's one more view of it:



In the background is another perfectly shaped doorway and the mortarless jointing of the megalithic slabs, all precisely dressed, can be seen surrounding it. Let's look once more at this remarkable site:



This construction is today called the Osirion, That's presumably because its location is near Abydos, and near the Nile river, in Egypt, about 280 miles south of Cairo. Abydos was said to be a favourite location for the ancient Egyptian god, or Immortal, Osiris. The word Abydos is really Greek, originally connected with a location near the Hellespont. The Egyptian town was probably so-named because there was a great influx of Greek culture into Egypt after its conquest by Alexander the Great in the 300s BC. Egypt's Mediterranean coastal port was named Alexandria after him. Whatever the Egyptian location of the Osirion was called originally, we do know that this site was found below the level of the foundations of the pharonic temples relating to the kings of the first dynasty of Egypt. These rulers apparently used 'Abydos' as a favourite location, perhaps their seat of government.

Our historians date the beginning of the first dynasty to about 3100 + or- 150, BC, say 5000 years ago. As the Osirion site was found below the level of the foundations of the first dynastic era, it's presumably older, and could be 6000 - 7000 years old.

I suggest the quality of the workmanship, the design and artistic beauty achieved, rank it among the greatest architectural accomplishments of the Stone Civilization. Yet it was only someone's bathing pool. It did not have, and was obviously not intended to have, astronomical referencing like Stonehenge, nor does it show high speed traffic patterns and huge creature designs like the plains of Nazca, but I suggest for personal relaxation and sheer beauty, the Osirion is unsurpassed. It seems to me this was not built by or for farmers, fishermen, herders, or hunter-gatherers. Throughout history so far there is no evidence of such people being involved in major construction. It's not surprising that the ownership oi this pool and its surrounding architecture is attributed to the Egyptian Immortal Osiris; for all we know, perhaps correctly.

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